CouchDB is a free and open-source document-oriented NoSQL database developed by the Apache Foundation. The database is written and implemented in the language Erlang and provides the use of multiple formats and protocols to store, transfer, and process data. With CouchDB you query data with JavaScript using MapReduce, and HTTP for an API. Which can be done across multiple distributed CouchDB instances as the database has the ability to synchronize multiple copies of the same database, across servers.

CouchDB Information