The worlds most popular free open-source relational database, MySQL is used by 150,000 + companies across the globe. The relational database management system is released and distributed under the GPL license and openly developed by the community. MySQL uses SQL as its query language and is fully integrated and ACID compliant.
PostgreSQL, or Postgres for short is a widely popular, free and open-source relational database management system. PostgreSQL is available for all major operating systems including macOS, Linux, Windows, BSD and Solaris. The project has been in active development for over 30 years now, and powers many of the applications you use on a daily basis.
SQLite is a free and open-source relational database management system that implements a small, fast, self-contained, high-reliability, full-featured, SQL database engine. Rather than being a typical client–server database engine, SQLite is self-contained and can be embedded into applications. Making it perfect for development frameworks that want to provide a default database without setup, or applications that needs an embedded database. SQLite is built into all mobile operating systems and most computers and comes bundled with a countless applications. SQLite is also ACID-compliant and implements most of the SQL standard, generally following PostgreSQL syntax.
MariaDB is an free and open-source, community-developed relational database management system. MariaDB is a fork of MySQL, and is developed and maintained by the creators of MySQL, after concerns over its acquisition by Oracle Corporation in 2009. The databases comes bundled by default with most Linux distributions and is also apart of most cloud offerings. MariaDB is built upon the values of performance, stability, and openness which is ensured through the MariaDB Foundation.
Redis is a free and open-source, in in-memory data structure store that can be used as a database, cache or message broker. The project is community developed and released under the BSD license. Redis supports common data structures including strings, hashes, lists, sets, sorted sets with range queries, bitmaps, hyperloglogs, geospatial indexes with radius queries and streams.
Apache Cassandra is a free and open-source, distributed, wide column store, NoSQL database management system. Apache Cassandra is designed to handle large amounts of data across many commodity servers, providing high availability with no single point of failure. The database has become the choice of many organizations that need scalability and high availability without compromising performance. Apache Cassandra also provides support for replicating across multiple datacenters, providing lower latency for end users of Cassandra-powered applications.
RethinkDB is a scalable, open-source database designed for real-time applications. When your app polls your database for data, it becomes slow, unscalable, and cumbersome to maintain. RethinkDB solves this by providing a new database access model, where developers can instruct the database to continuously push updated query results to their applications, without polling.
MongoDB is an open-source document-oriented distributed database built for modern applications. MongoDB uses JSON-like documents with optional schemas and is classified as a NoSQL database. The database is freely distributed under the Server Side Public License, but MongoDB provides commercial version of the database for enterprise-scale applications.
Couchbase, originally known as Membase is an award-winning, open-source, distributed multi-model NoSQL and document-oriented cloud database. It is designed and optimized for interactive applications and may serve many concurrent users by creating, storing, retrieving, aggregating, manipulating and presenting data. Couchbase delivers unmatched versatility, performance, scalability, and financial value across cloud, on-premises, hybrid, distributed cloud, and edge computing deployments.
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